Photoshop was created in 1988 by Thomas and John Knoll. Since then, it has become
the deing facto industry standard in raster graphics editing, such that the terms
"photoshopp" and "photoshop contest" were born. It can edit and compose raster images in multiple layers and supports masks, alpha compositing and several color models including RGB, CMYK, Lab color space (with capital L), spot color and duotone. Photoshop has vast support for graphic file formats but also uses its own
formats which support all the aforementioned features. In addition to raster graphics, it has limited abilities to edit or render text, vector graphics (especially through clipping path), 3D graphics and video. Photoshop's featureset can be expanded by Photoshop plug-ins, programs developed and distributed independently of Photoshop that can run inside it and offer new
or enhanced features
Graphic design is the art of communication, stylizing, and problem-solving through the use of type, space and image. The field is considered a subset of visual communication and communication design, but sometimes the term "graphic design" is used interchangeably with these due to overlapping skills involved. Graphic designers use various methods to create and combine words, symbols, and images to create a visual representation of ideas and messages.
Microsoft Office is an office suite of desktop applications, servers and services for the Microsoft Windows and OS X operating systems. It was first announced by Bill Gates of Microsoft on August 1, 1988 at COMDEX in Las Vegas. Initially a marketing term for a bundled set of applications, the first version of Office contained Microsoft Word,Microsoft Excel and Microsoft PowerPoint. Over the years, Office applications have grown substantially closer with shared features such as a common spell checker, OLE data integration and Visual Basic for Applications scripting language. Microsoft also positions Office as a development platform for line-of-business software under the Office Business Applications brand.
Graphic Exchange (gX) was a print publication for creative professionals in graphic communications and graphic arts with an editorial focus on creative imaging, graphic design, prepress, digital video and Web publishing. It was conceived and launched by Dan Brill and Diane Boadway in October, 1991 and was based in Toronto, Canada.
During its first five years of publication, Graphic Exchange broke many of the barriers in publishing through the use of new desktop technologies and printing techniques, including experimentation with and coverage of stochastic screening, waterless printing, CD-ROM publishing, and digital video, as well as various new software and hardware products introduced during that period. In 1995, Graphic Exchange added Web publishing to its editorial mandate.
By 1998, Graphic Exchange had become the highest circulation graphics publication in Canada with a circulation of over 18,000. In October, 2001, the magazine published its biggest issue in concert with its tenth anniversary. Major advertisers included such household names as Apple Computer, Adobe Systems, Xerox, Corel, Agfa, Heidelberg, Radius, Viewsonic and Mitsubishi.
Common uses of graphic design include identity (logos and branding), publications (magazines, newspapers and books), print advertisements, posters, billboards, website graphics and elements, signs and product packaging. For example, a product package might include a logo or other artwork, organized text and pure design elements such as images, shapes and color which unify the piece.Composition is one of the most important features of graphic design, especially when using pre-existing materials or diverse elements.